Educated Iran, Empowered Iran

Educated Iran, Empowered Iran

It's about 104 years passing from the approval of compulsory education law in 1901 and despite the investments and attempts of all states during one century for expansion of literacy and development of modern educational system and achievement of considerable progresses in this area; we are still facing two serious problems in Iran: 1. Absolute illiteracy, 2. Low literacy.

According to the official statistics of 2011 census, "9,715,000" Iranian people are "absolutely illiterate" and about 3.5 million are below 50 years old. Moreover, according to official census of 2011, we have slightly more than 10 million people who are of "low literacy"; individuals who are unfortunately unable to practically use reading and writing skills.

Education, the initial right and motive force of human communities, is in fact the introduction for achieving economic and social development, self-efficacy, and protection of environment, expansion of gender and racial equality and expansion of democratic partnership. Nowadays, education is beyond an educational priority and as a social action it is considered as investment for human future.

What is more worrying and warning nowadays in Iran and should be more considered by the authorities, politics and elites of society is the number of students who, for different reasons, leave education forever.

According to the investigations, factors such as poverty, lack of motivation, poor environment of home and school, home violence, ethnic prejudices, lack of educational facilities are the most important reasons for dropping out of school. Factors that become more obvious at higher educational level are lack of school near to residential area, dissatisfaction of families of sending their children, especially girls, to boarding schools or villages away to, employment and other factors will cause the students, especially in higher education, to leave the educational system.

Despite wasting of a considerable amount of investment for education of such individuals, the outcomes of leaving school will not only affect the personal and family life of them; they also affect the social, cultural and economic foundation of a society and impose crises and refectory diseases such as addiction and kinds of disorders to social life and takes the dynamism and vitality from that community. Failure in achieving required skills and sufficient literacy make these individuals fragile in confrontation with real world. Moreover, one should worry about the generation who takes unawareness and sustainability from his parents and in this way adds to the poverty and ignorance.

Proper recognition of social factors mostly affecting the students' avoidance of education and planning for tackling such barriers, even special attention to every drop out could be effective in reducing this phenomenon and make the society a bit free of further costs. Thus, achieving literate Iran for achievement of sustainable development should become the general discourse of society and any individual should considered himself charged and take any action for reduction or elimination of illiteracy in society and promotion of knowledge and skill.

Concerning the history of Iran in this area, it is assumed that Iran society has passed the literacy crisis and now this issue has lost its importance among elite people; while, according to last statement of deputy of ministry of education and chairman of Literacy Movement Organization, annually 110,000 people in the county give up education in various levels; this means 110,000 lives, 110,000 wasting of potential energy and human resources that have not been seen in the society. It means being distanced 110,000 stairs from development and maybe 110,000 chances that will turn into threats of poverty and ignorance.

On the other hand, since development of society is in knowledge promotion, ability and skill of any individual member of society, investment should be done for all of then proportionate to their life and context.

Sometimes we forget that Iran geographical coordination is much beyond Tehran and big cities and all Iranian, men and women, should receive equal chance to achieve basic skills to live in modern society.